^🤗 Good evening to everyone. Greetings from Scandinavia.

 

I am sure that perhaps everyone heard about Finnish school. I would like to introduce 14 “specialities”
Thank you for possibility to share my knowledge.
I would like to make proposal about how we will work tonight.
I am sure that perhaps everyone heard about Finnish school. I would like to introduce 14 “specialities”

1. Finnish education is Free.

Finland spend 12% of budget on education

Private schools are not popular and its only 0.03% of kids attend private school (mostly confessional)

Every pupil can accomplish tasks of different complexities depending on their abilities.

3. In order to help students on their learning way we give “marks”. Marks are ONLY announced to the pupil.

The grading system has 10 points from 4 up to 10

From grade 3 to 6 we use only verbal marks.

Very important to understand that pupils are not scolded for the marks.

Marks are ONLY needed for motivating a child to perfect his knowledge and to correct his individual study plan.

4. No school uniform.

You can easily see pupils in socks without shoes in a class. ☺

 

5. Teachers function is to create the learning Environment.
Do not mix with Montessori method.

Students come to my class with their own ideas, things, devises and my role is to use this in order to create learning.

6. There is very little “homework”. Takes max 10 min to do.

Its not really homework. For example- they investigate chemistry in the kitchen.☺ .

Its not really homework. For example- they investigate chemistry in the kitchen.☺ .

7. We do not have exams at all.

We know that one should be prepared for life not for exams.

8. We teach interdisciplinary means ” phenomena based learning
9. After every 45 min lesson there is 15 min break

10. Teachers are “cool”. Students call teachers by their name, for example Ingvar. No Mr. Or Mrs.

Teachers have all responsibility for learning Environment. Every teacher decides for himself which books and programs to use. Teachers knows what students must learn.

11. Pupils choose for themselfs what they Will have for lunch.

Usually the menu is announced on the school’s site one Monty before so students can visit it and “put Into their cart”

Question from platform 11

You said if a teacher would teach chemistry he would take the pupils to the kitchen
Is that required for all subject to be taught
That is taking them to where they would see it?

Answer. Students should be able to make connection between learned knowledge and skills and real life. If I teach about acids and make ph- indicators I just advise students to check do they have any acids in the kitchen at home 🤓

 

QUESTIONS FROM ALL PLATFORMS

Question from platform 9

My question sir…
Where is the place of curriculum in Finland education? Are students instructed to work on ideas, things and devises that’ll aid their learning or they just come to classroom with random ideas, things or devises?

Question from platform 3

How did Finland get to this point? What factors drove the country into having this solid and unique educational system?

Question from platform 4

What exactly is phenomena based teaching?

Question from platform 5

My question Sir. Is the learning at this primary stage have correlation to the secondary and university level since there is no planned curriculum of learning?

Question from platform 5

How do they know which topic to investigate?

Question from platform 11

Great one sir,

I’m just wandering the level of discipline of the students…..
Is there any punishment for any students who fail to participate in some of these activities since they are not being evaluated by exams.

What about parents?
How have they been contributing to this as well.

Thank you

Question from platform 7

What then is the advantage of your pattern of education over ours, that is assessed solely on examination scores?

*QUESTIONS*

1. Does Finnish education run on curriculum?

2. Who recommends textbooks, government, school, teacher or parents?

Question from platform 11

You said if a teacher would teach chemistry he would take the pupils to the kitchen
Is that required for all subject to be taught
That is taking them to where they would see it?

 

I have one question? May we take 5 min brake?

Well. Little bit more information about my backround. I am from Finland, currently working in Sweden – helping to “make over” one private school here. I was working in Kenya several years before. Married with kenyan, so I can tell that Africa is my second home. Have 3 kids. 39 years in education as researcher and teacher.

Question from platform 3

How did Finland get to this point? What factors drove the country into having this solid and unique educational system?
Answer: 1980 was very difficult time – economical crises. Lack of money. So we decided to reform.
State schoolinspection was closed. Ministry of Education minimized. Money went to local authorities and directly to the schools. Nowa days we do not even have inspection of the lessons and teacher. Teachers are responsible for guality in their classrooms.
Even principle must ask permition to visit teachers lesson.

Great one sir,

I’m just wandering the level of discipline of the students…..
Is there any punishment for any students who fail to participate in some of these activities since they are not being evaluated by exams.

What about parents?
How have they been contributing to this as well.

Thank you

 

National curriculum define what students must know and there are 3 “checkpoints” – after grade 3, 6 and 9. Then students choose upper level of Education . After 3 years of upper education they do their first examinations. And results of examinations gives possibility to attend the university.

About discipline – I can proudly to say that we dont have such problems any more. Students have responsibility “to learn” they undestard this point very well. We have even subject – ” How to learn” (metacognition) starts at kindergarden 😎

*QUESTIONS*

1. Does Finnish education run on curriculum? YES

2. Who recommends textbooks, government, school, teacher or parents? TEACHER DECIDE.

 

You said if a teacher would teach chemistry he would take the pupils to the kitchen
Is that required for all subject to be taught
That is taking them to where they would see it?

 

About parents.
Every School has a school board – 3 representatives from teachers + 3 representatives from students + 5 representatives from parents + school principle. School board create school policy. For example – recruting New teachers.

I would like to thank everyone here for very interesting evening and my respect to you all!
Well, I know that everyone have a lot of questions but time is limited. I hope we keep in touch.
You can find me on FB – Ingvar Stål or email – ingvar.stal@ilets.eu
I Think as well about possibility to meet everybody in Nigeria.
Have a Nice week.

 

 

Dr Ingvar Stål

Dr Stål is ILETS International Adviser on Interdisciplinary Science Curricula in schools.

Research Interests

  • Humanistic science teaching
  • Interdisciplinary approaches to educational systems
  • Educational philosophy, including constructivism
  • Theory of curriculum design
  • Student-centered teaching and teachers’ transition
  • Implementation of modern technologies into teaching processes
  • Cooperative and collaborative learning
  • Comparative didactics
  • Highly motivated and Gifted students
  • Action Research

Biography

I am a researcher, professional teacher, educator and philosopher.

I have developed, conducted and managed research in the field of Humanistic Science Teaching, using a Scientific Inquiry approach –  nationally and internationally. I have presented research findings at high profile international conferences, seminars and meetings. Currently I am working and researching at ILETS within theme ’Humanistic and Scientific Inquiry Oriented (HSIO) Methods as a Tool to Support Junior High School Students’ Learning Processes’.

I have worked as a teacher in many international contexts.  During the past 14 years I have been Head of   Science at Botby Junior High School in Helsinki, Finland. To ensure that my own students receive the highest quality education I have successfully implemented the findings of my research in teaching and learning processes. I have developed an innovative model of teaching Science, known as the HSIO model.  The model has been endorsed by many leading scientists worldwide. It is based on student-centered facilitation.

From the beginning of  August, 2013 I will be educational developer and science teacher at the Metropolitan International School (MIS) in Viernheim, Germany.  I  also carry out work at Åbo Akademi University (School Resources) as a project coordinator in order to engage science teachers in new training programmes.  These include: ‘Discovery and Technology’, ‘Gifted Children’,  and ‘School Sciences and Modern Technology’.

Additional Information

I am member of the

  • European Society for the Systematic Innovation of Education.
  • International Association for Technology, Education and Development – (member of the International Scientific Advisory Board)
  • International Organisation for Gifted Children “GLUON” (Russia) – (Gifted children)

I have engaged as a resource person at the Educators Professional Development Department: “Professional Development for Teachers, by Teachers” (USA).

I am engaged as an expert in the field of interdisciplinary science at the Finnish Educational Board in order to          develop the new Finnish National Curriculum in Physics for Junior high schools.  This will be implemented in 2015.

Additional Details

http://www.artofteachingscience.org/2012/04/28/guest-post-by-ingvar-stal-education-in-finland-part-1/

Project Leadership

Technology Industries of Finland Centennial Foundation, Vetenskaps- och teknologiprogrammet UPPTEK (Discovery&Technology) i grundskolan (The Science and Technology program at Junior high-school),(2009-2011).

Swedish Academy of Engineering in Finland (STV i Finland), “The modern technology and UPPTEK (Discovery&Technology)” project,  (2009-2010).

The Finnish Educational Board, “Gifted students and Discovery &Technology program”, (2012-2015).